Current Trends of HIV Transmission in Africa;-One of the worst humanitarian catastrophes of our time is AIDS in Africa. The epidemic is the main cause of death in the regions south of the Sahara. Africans make about two thirds of all HIV-positive people worldwide. AIDS, a disease of poverty, has terrible social and economic repercussions. As a result, millions of AIDS orphans grow up without a future. South of the Sahara, however, there has also been progress in the fight against HIV and AIDS.
One of the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations was to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. Although there have been many victories in the fight against the AIDS epidemic, there is no doubt that this objective will be achieved. AIDS remains one of Africa’s major development challenges and one of the most significant.Current Trends of HIV Transmission in Africa 2022
AIDS IN AFRICA: THAT’S WHAT THE NUMBERS SAY
There are approximately 36.7 million HIV-positive individuals globally, including 2.1 million children. Of the infected, 25.5 million are found in sub-Saharan Africa. In the region, there were 730,000 AIDS-related fatalities in 2016. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for more than two-thirds of all new HIV infections worldwide. The HIV/AIDS pandemic is particularly prevalent in this area.
Despite the fact that improved healthcare has dramatically decreased mortality in many nations, 11.7 million individuals still do not receive antiretroviral therapy, the drug-based HIV treatment plan.Current Trends of HIV Transmission in Africa 2022
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AIDS IN AFRICA: PARTICULARLY HARD-HIT COUNTRIES
1.85 million of the 25.5 million infected people in sub-Saharan Africa are under the age of 15. The African nations of Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Kenya, and Zimbabwe are among those hardest hit by the HIV epidemic. The majority of those who have HIV, however, reside in South Africa, which has one of the highest HIV rates in the world and more than seven million AIDS patients, including about 320,000 children.
Unsettling findings were found in a 2012 research by the South African government: All schoolgirls with HIV positive rates are 28%. The government believes that the females are infected with older men, the so-called “sugar daddies,” since the infection rate in their male counterparts is only 4%.Current Trends of HIV Transmission in Africa 2022
AIDS ORPHANS IN AFRICA
All of the children who are AIDS orphans—1.7 million in South Africa, 1.2 million in Mozambique, and 670,000 in Malawi—have either lost one or both of their parents to the immunodeficiency syndrome. Sub-Saharan Africa is home to roughly 14 million AIDS orphans in total. Every other adult has died and children have become orphans in some areas of Malawi, a country in Southeast Africa.
Many of them had to take care of their parents while also taking care of their younger siblings and providing for the family. After the passing of their parents, orphans are entirely on their own if they are not taken in by relatives. Many of them eventually find themselves on the streets with no future prospects.Current Trends of HIV Transmission in Africa 2022
CAUSES FOR THE HIGH SPREAD OF THE HIV VIRUS
Poverty: Sub-Saharan Africa is home to about half of the world’s population who live in extreme poverty. Nearly 390 million people, to be exact. Usually, there isn’t enough money to even buy condoms, much less pay for an HIV test or even antiretroviral therapy.
Inadequate medical care;Although AIDS tests and HIV medications are becoming more widely available in Africa. Babies, for instance, can be shielded against transmission from mother to child. But the AIDS epidemic continues to be too much for African health institutions to handle. Both hospitals and doctors are lacking.
Lack of prevention and education:In many African nations, programs for prevention and education have been introduced far too late. The sickness was ignored by numerous governments, which allowed it to spread unchecked for 20 years. Large segments of the community still lack adequate information of the HI virus. Not least of all because most people lack access to education, enlightenment is challenging.
Prostitution;Prostitution is very widely practiced in Africa as a result of poverty. The suitors are frequently men who travel around looking for work and frequently switch up their sexual partners. Prostitutes and potential suitors participate and spread the HI virus.Current Trends of HIV Transmission in Africa 2022
Frequently Asked Questions
The greatest rates of HIV infection are found in sub-Saharan Africa, out of all nations on earth. Eswatini, Lesotho, and Botswana have the highest rates of HIV infection. Eswatini had the highest percentage of HIV prevalence in 2020, at approximately 27%.
- Which country is HIV free?
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