Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World;-
I’ll be the first to confess that I don’t always “understand” women the way I do my male friends and family. Just ask my girlfriend, who is probably convinced I was reared by a pack of wolves given how clueless I am most of the time.
You might certainly say the same about my understanding of topics pertaining to girls’ and women’s challenges in international development, if I’m being completely honest. This is a concern because helping girls and women around the world is Global Citizen’s topic for the month.
I talked to my more knowledgeable coworkers and searched the Internet to compile this list of 9 important issues affecting girls and women throughout the world in an effort to address my blatant ignorance in time for Girls & Women Month. This cheat sheet should help you understand what we mean when we talk about something as wide as girls’ and women’s problems, whether you’re new to the subject or an experienced champion.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
1.Access to Education
One in four young women in developing nations did not finish basic school, according to a 2013 UNESCO assessment, and 31 million girls of primary school age did not attend school. The same survey indicates that educated women are more likely to get married later, survive childbirth, have healthy children, find work, and make more money, among other benefits, so that number represents a significant untapped pool of girl power.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
Women still face significant workplace discrimination, even in a wealthy and developed nation like the US; according to some estimates, women only make $0.77 for every $1 that males make. The gender pay disparity is considerably greater globally, with women making only one tenth of the global income but putting in two thirds of the labor. Women are more inclined than men to invest their money back into their families and communities, thus empowering them to earn their fair share might have a significant positive impact on the community as a whole.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
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3. Reproductive Health & Rights
According to statistics published by Women Deliver, a women’s advocacy group, 225 million women in poor nations have unmet family planning needs, which contribute to 74 million unintended births and 36 million abortions annually. By empowering women to take care of their reproductive health, unsafe abortions and maternal mortality are reduced by almost 70% each, saving important resources that would have otherwise been spent on pregnancy-related expenses.
4.Maternal HealthTop 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
According to the World Health Organization, 800 women pass away from preventable pregnancy-related causes each day. That amounts to over 300,000 lives wasted needlessly each year during what is, at its core, a life-creating event. What else needs to be said?Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
5. Gender-based Violence
According to the WHO, one in three women will experience physical or sexual abuse in their lifetime. Gender-based violence prevents far too many women from leading happy, healthy, and fulfilling lives, whether it takes the form of domestic violence, rape, or sexual trafficking.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
Between 2011 and 2022, 140 million females are expected to marry as children. Girls who are married before turning 18 are often barred from going to school, run the danger of issues from having children too early, and are more likely to experience violence from intimate partners.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
7.Female Genital Mutilation
FGM, which the WHO defines as “procedures that purposefully change or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons,” is a complicated topic having ramifications for the religious and cultural practices of the groups who engage in it. Nevertheless, it is widely accepted in the international community that FGM has negative effects on a person’s health, violates a child’s rights, and encourages sex inequity.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
8.Water & Sanitation
Women and kids suffer the most when access to sanitary sanitation facilities and clean drinking water is limited. As an illustration, girls who attend schools without adequate restrooms may skip class when having their periods out of concern for humiliation or stigma. It’s also true that fetching water for families can be a time-consuming duty for women in poor nations. The girls and women of the globe can spend their time doing much better things than hauling buckets around, as my colleague Christina pointed out.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)
When it comes to women and girls, equality (or the lack thereof) is a recurrent problem, whether it’s unequal access to education for girls in underdeveloped nations or unequal compensation for women in the workplace. It’s obvious that we as a global community have a long way to go before women are given a fair shot in a world where 95% of nations are headed by a male head of state.
Even though the nine problems listed above are unique to girls and women, solving them will benefit everyone in the globe, including my fellow illiterate men. As we explore the various ways that a victory for women and girls is a victory for all of us, stay tuned to Global Citizen throughout the whole month.Top 9 Key Issues Affecting Girls and Women Around the World (Research 2022)