Hydropower Producing Countries;-2019 saw a total installed hydropower capacity of 1,308 gigawatts (GW) worldwide. This is an increase of 1.2 percent, which is less than the five-year average annual growth rate of 2.1 percent and far less than the predicted 2.0 yearly growth needed to reach Paris Agreement commitments.
In 2020, hydroelectric capacity increased in fifty nations. Brazilian (4.92 GW), Chinese (4.17 GW), and Laotian installed capacity gains were the highest per person (1.89 GW).
With a total installed capacity of more than 50 GW, India surpassed Japan to become the fifth-largest hydropower generator in the world.
2020 saw the completion of the 11,233 MW Belo Monte project in Brazil, as well as the 1,285 MW Xayaburi project in Laos, the 990 MW Wunonglong, and the 920 MW projects.
1.China – Total Installed Capacity: 356.4 GW
Since 1996, China has continued to lead the world in hydropower production in terms of hydroelectricity production, capacity, and the number of new projects. The 16 GW Wudongde and 10 GW Baihetan projects, China’s top two hydropower plants, are now the largest hydropower plants in the world. Hydropower Producing Countries
2.Brazil – Total Installed Capacity: 109.1 GW
On the list of the top 20 nations that will produce hydropower in 2020, Brazil is listed in second place. The northern Amazon River basin provides a significant portion of Brazil’s hydropower potential. Brazil had 3.8 gigawatts of additional hydropower capacity planned as of 2018. The second-largest dam in Brazil, the Belo Monte project along the Xingu River, is anticipated to be finished in 2019. (and second-largest dam in the world)
3. US – Total Installed Capacity: 102.8 GW
With more than 102.8 GW of installed hydroelectric capacity as of 2020, the US is one of the top hydropower producing nations in the world. The 6.81 GW Grand Coulee hydropower project on the Columbia River in Washington is one of the largest hydroelectric power plants in the world and is located in the nation. Hydropower Producing Countries
4. Canada – Total Installed Capacity: 81.4 GW
As of early 2020, Canada had a total installed hydroelectric capacity of over 81.4 GW, making it one of the top hydropower producing nations in the world. The Robert-Bourassa generating station, with a capacity of 5,616 MW, and the Churchill Falls Generating Station, with a capacity of 5,428 MW, are two enormous hydroelectric power plants located in Canada. Hydropower Producing Countries
5.India – Total Installed Capacity: 50.1 GW
The Indian government unveiled a number of initiatives to encourage the growth of hydropower, including the official recognition of large hydropower (>25MW) as a renewable energy source. By doing this, the non-solar Renewable Purchase Obligation, which requires that regional utilities buy some of their electricity from hydropower, will now be available to new, major projects. Hydropower Producing Countries
6.Japan – Total Installed Capacity: 49.9 GW
One more of the top producers of hydropower in Asia and the world is Japan. By the beginning of 2020, Japan’s installed hydropower capacity had nearly reached 50 GW. India surpassed China to claim the fifth spot on the list of the top hydropower-producing nations in 2019, although China is still a world leader in the hydropower generation sector. Hydropower Producing Countries
7.Russia – Total Installed Capacity: 49.9 GW
According to the IHA assessment, Russia’s hydropower capacity was close to 50 GW in 2020. Two of the largest hydroelectric power stations in the world are located in Russia. The Sayano-Shushenskaya and Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power stations are the two facilities. The installed capacities of the Sayano-Shushenskaya and Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power plants are 6,400MW and 6,000MW, respectively.
8.Norway – Total Installed Capacity: 32.7 GW
By early 2022, Norway had a total installed hydroelectric capacity of 32.7 GW, making it the greatest hydropower generator in Europe. Norway added 134 MW of brand-new hydropower production capacity in 2019. In the upcoming years, it is anticipated that the country would continue to increase its capacity. Hydropower Producing Countries
9.Turkey – Total Installed Capacity: 28.5 GW
In 2020, Turkey will be one of the top 10 hydropower producers in the world. Beginning in 2020, Turkey’s total hydropower generation capacity will be 28.5 GW. The nation also ranks in the top 10 nations in the world for most newly built capacity in 2019, with 219 MW installed.
10.France – Total Installed Capacity: 25.6 GW
France is one of the top hydropower producing countries in Europe and the world, with a total installed capacity of about 25.6 GW. At the La
Coche pumped storage station in France, a new 240 MW Pelton turbine was launched, replacing older ones and boosting the facility’s capacity by 20%.
requently Asked Questions
- What country produces the most hydroelectric power 2022?
Since 1996, China has continued to be the top hydropower-producing nation in terms of hydroelectricity generation, capacity, and the number of new projects.
Norway produces more than 99% of its electricity with hydropower.
- What is the largest power dam in the world?
The Three Gorges Dam
The Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River in China is the world’s biggest hydroelectric facility.